Saturday, 17 August 2019

2nd Year English Chapter 8 Notes - 12th class English

2nd Year English Chapter 8 Notes - 12th class English
Looking for the 2nd Year English Chapter 8 Notes - 12th class English? Here we have published the notes of chapter China's way to progress. It also includes questions from KIPS English

TEXT BOOK EXERCISE

 Write short answers (3-5 Lines/ Sentences) to the following questions:
Why has the world changed its attitude towards China?
 Ans. The world has changed its attitude towards China because of the remarkable change  The world has changed its attitude towards China because of the remarkable change and progress it has showed in different fields. The exemplary social experiment and superb agricultural and industrial advancement have made China a fashion around the world.
 Discuss Chinese agriculture system?
 Agriculture is thriving in China through the system of communes. These communes are further subdivided into production brigades and teams. The farmers carry on their traditional, intensive labour. They do not migrate to cities but are kept on the spot and incorporated in local small industries.
 How does China rely on its own resources?
 The Chinese follow Mao's famous maxim, 'Rely on your own resources. They believe that local ipment can produce bigger, faster, better and cheaper results. It can also create the revolutionary spirit of the masses to overcome the difficulties.
 Describe p day in the life of a Chinese student?
 A Chinese student gets up at 6 a.m., does a few household jobs, and goes to school at 8 All o'clock he/she goes home and has lunch, and at 1:30 he/she is back at school again until 3 o'clock. From 4 o clock on he/she relaxes reading the papers and listening to the news.
Write a note on the Chinese women.
 OR
 What land of lack is there the Chinese women?
 Ans. From a Western angle there is a lack of femininity in the Chinese women. Chinese women are working shoulder to shoulder with the men. They enjoy many social security benefits, e g. eight hours working a day, 56 paid leaves for child birth etc. They are striving to achieve these benefits for all the women of the world.
What are the social security benefits provided for the Chinese workers?
 And. Each factory or agricultural commune has a health centre, a cafeteria and a nursery and kindergarten. All medical and hospital treatment is free for every Chinese worker. He receives his total pay for the first six months, and after that 60 percent of his salary
It is the people and not the things that are decisive. Discuss.
 Ans. When Map says that it is the people and not the things that are decisive, he wants to. demonstrate that the real power is the people of a country, and not the things or machines. It means that the power of people cannot be crushed by modern technology.

 The heart of the matter is the need to root out selfishness. Discuss.
 The writer says the most Important thing is to root out selfishness and bring into existence selfless and dedicated men whose happiness lies in serving their fellow-men. This has been the ing principle of exemplary Chinese social experiment China has now become a powerful nation owing to selflessness and dedication of people

KIPS EXERCISE 

Write short answers (3-5 Lines/ Sentences) the following questions: Q.1
 Ans.
 How long did China lie forgotten by the three-fourth of mankind?
 For twenty-two years China lay forgotten by the three-fourth of mankind of the world. It was even confused with a small island-one of its provinces. China lay forgotten for twenty two years after its independence because it was confused
Why did Chion lay forgotten for twenty two years after its independence?
 China lay forgotten for twenty two years after its independence because it was confused with a small island. This island is one of its provinces. Moreover, the flexible Chinese bamboo curtain was countered by a western curtain of rigid disregard.
 How long was China kept out of the U.N?
 China was kept out of the U.N as long as twenty-two years. For long time the country with one-fourth of the world population was not part of the U.N-the world's representative forum
 Q.4 Why will Chou En-Lai get his right hand dialocated and eyes blinded?
 Ans.
 Why will Chou En-Lai get his right hand dislocated and eyes blinded?
 Seventy-three year old Chou En-Lai get his right hand dislocated because he had to shake hand with delegations of hundreds of people at a time. His eyes will also be blinded by the constant Washing of the office a souvenir photographers.
What change has been observed in the attitude of the whole world?
 AB. China is a fashion around the world now. Occidentals launched a warm hug in resort What change has been observed in the attitude of the whole world?
 China is a fashion around the world now. Occidentals launched a warm hug in response to Chinese smile. The queen of countries on the waiting list to recognize China is growing
Compare social historical background of China with that of Russia.
 Ans. Compared to China in 1949, Russia in 1917 did not have the unpleasant inheritance of multi-colonial experience of a century. Russia never suffered China's fate our sharp Western impact that shattered its economy and culture.
How did multi-colonial experience shatter China and other Asiatic civilization?
 OR
 What is the effect of multi-colonial experience on China and other Slate civilizations?
 Ans. The shattering multi-colonial experience has forced China and other Asiatic civilizations into a kind of national disorder. It has split their economy, their culture and their personality.
 Q.8 How has the individual in China been rescued from the aftermath of the unfortunate colonial heritage?
 Ans. In China the individual has been rescued from the aftermath of the unfortunate colonial heritage by the newfound companionship, common purpose and discipline of mass organization.

 What problems have plagued Asian countries for thousands of years?
 The problems that have plagued Asian countries for thousands of years are the lack of food, gross inequalities of income and consumption, unemployment, a sense of social uselessness, and the blind expansion of the cities.
 What did the Chinese do to solve the problems that have plagued Asian countries for thousands of years?
 The Chinese went straight to the roots of the problems that had plagued Asian countries for thousands of years. These problems had been the lack of food, unemployment, and the blind expansion of cities. They have done so by means of common purpose and companionship
 Q.11 What have the Chinese been striving for years to make the world realize?
 Ans.
 The Chinese have been striving for years to make the world realize that there are other important things in life besides an increase in Gross National Product
 Why can't the Chinese model be analyzed with the Western system?
 The Chinese model cannot be analyzed according to Its differences from the western system because of Chinese model involves a completely different approach. It is the creation of a new world and a new man. Here the absence of automobiles does not mean backwardness and delay but rejection.
 What price did the West pay for Its modernization?
 OR
 How does China differ from the West in terms of modernization?
 West Introduced agricultural mechanization without any considerable caution. This sort of modernization caused the night of the peasantry from the field. In China, however Agricultural mechanization is being introduced very carefully so as to avoid upsetting the balance. The writer says that China will remain an agricultural and peasant country
How is agricultural mechanization being Introduced in China?
 And Agricultural mechanization is being introduced in China with great caution so as to avoid upsetting the balance. The agricultural labour does not nee to the class, but is kept on the spot and incorporated in local small Industries.
What has stopped huge emigration from the countryside to cities?
 Ans. Decentralized economy has helped stop the huge emigration from the countryside and reduce the population of cities. Chinese cities are not overcrowded because the farm do not fee to big cities. They are incorporated in local small Industries
What is economic decentralization?
 Ans. Economic decentralization means to give maximum economic Independence to the provinces in the country. Its main purpose is to free a country from traditionally burdensome bureaucracy and to ake its province-less and less dependent on the federation
What has economic decentralization freed China from?
 OR
 What benefit did China get from economic decentralization?
 Economic decentralization had been one of the most important steps In Chinese domestic policy. It has freed China from the traditionally cumbersome bureaucracy and developed independent local enterprise to the maximum possible degree of independence
What is the human side of the Chinese experiment?

 The human side of the Chinese experiment is the creation of selfless and dedicated men. Through the education and reeducation of man, selfishness is being rooted out. The ultimate target of this experiment is to bring into existence such men as serve their fellow-men quite happily
 What is the Chinese concept of modernization?
 China conceives modernization as the part of a process of embellishment of the landscape. The development of people's cultural life for collective welfare is also the part of Chinese concept of modernization.
 According to Mao, What the benefits of national machines and equipment?
 According to Mao, national machines and equipment enables a nation to rely on its own resources. Moreover, they are superior to foreign equipment and capable of doing great things. Indigenous equipment can produce bigger, faster, better and cheaper results, Most importantly, they can stimulate the revolutionary spirit of the masses.
What news are the Chinese students most interested in, and how do the 
 What news are the Chinese students most interested in, and how do they spend their leisure time?
 Chinese students are interested in all political news which illustrate the national and international situation. They often go out, in their free time, with girls and boys of their age or play ping-pong.
 What does Mao say about the role of women in Chinese progress?
 According to Mao, women are playing very important role in the progress of China He says that women hold up half the sky and are determined to keep their half raised at the same height as that held by men
 What social security benefits have the Chinese women got?
 The Chinese women enjoy 8 hour working day, free hospitalization and nursery schools, 56 paid days before child-birth also without charges
 What has the radical change in women's conditions given to the Chinese women?
 The radical change in women's conditions in China has given women a sense of confidence and dignity. She is aware that she is playing an important role in the creation of a new world.
 What is the monthly cost of living in the agricultural communes in China?
 The monthly cost of living in the agricultural communes in China is very little Housing is completely free, and other small expenses such as cinema, theatre, haircuts and work overalls are also sometimes non-existent
 What health facilities are provided to Chinese workers and peasants?
 All medical and hospital treatment is entirely free for every Chinese worker or peasant while their family members pay only 50 percent. A sick worker receives his total pay cheque for the first six months, after this time he receives only 60 percent
 What is the retirement age for the Chinese workers?
 Workers retire at the age of 60 while female workers retire at the age of 50. If they do clerical work, they may retire at the age of .
 What is the percentage of pension for the Chinese workers?
 Pensions are related to work seniority. They vary from 50 to 70 percent of the worker's last wage
Describe the functions of assistance system in China.
 OR
 How does the resistance system set up by the Chinese regime help out the worker?
 The Chinese regime has set up an assistance system that guarantees a minimum survival level. The company where the worker is employed raises his salary to equal the cost of living. Poor and handicap workers are paid from a specially constituted fund.
What is the schedule of work of a Chinese worker?
 Ans. Industrial working hours in China are eight hours a day and six-day a week. Normally there is one week's annual vacation, two weeks if the worker lives away from his family and two national holidays (May 1 and October 1).

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