Sunday, 18 August 2019

2nd Year English Chapter 12 Notes - 12th class English

2nd Year English Chapter 12 Notes - 12th class English
Looking for the 2nd Year English Chapter 12 Notes - 12th class English? Here we have published the notes of chapter Hitch hiking across Sahara. It also includes questions from KIPS English

TEXT BOOK EXERCISE

 Write short answers (3-5 Lines/Sentences) to the following questions:
 Give an idea of the size of the Sahara. How does it compare with England?
 How vast is the Sahara desert?
 The Sahara desert is so vast that if a giant picked England up and put it down in the middle of it, we would have quite a task to find it. The full Sahara area is many times the size of Great Britain. The full Sahara area stretches almost the complete width of North Africa.Q.2
 What had Christopher's fostermother to do with his desire to see distant places?
 OR
 How did Christopher develop interest for crossing the Sahara?
 How did Christopher's foster mother kindle his desire to see distant places?
 When Robert Christopher was a child, every time he was naughty, his fostermother used to threaten to send him to Timbuktu. Instead of alarming him, the idea aroused in him keen desire to see this distant place. That's how, he developed a keen desire to see the distant places
How did Christopher manage to get a seat in the weapons carrier?
 Ans. Christopher managed to get a seat in the weapons' carrier by showing the lieutenant in charge a permit from the war ministry. Fortunately, the lieutenant did not tum the paper over and see the 'cancelled stamp.
What was the most noticeable feature of the desert city, named Ghardaia?
 OR
 What was the speciality of Ghardaia?
 OR
 How is Ghardaia different from other desert towns?
 Ans. Ghardaia is a typical desert city. It's most noticeable feature is its numerous and stickier Nies. While in Ghardaia, Christopher had to be watchful until cach mouthful was safely behind his teeth
How did they manage to drive the heavy truck in the trackless desert with its soft sand?
 OR
 How did Christopher help the greaser when the sand in the desert became too soft to bear the weight of the heavy truck?
 Ans. Travelling from Ghardaia to El Golea in the trackless desert, the sand in the way became too soft to bear the weight of the heavy truck. Ten-foot strips of steel were then dragged from the truck and placed together to make a runway for the wheels. Christopher was very helpful to the driver and greaser in performing this operation.
What did the diver of the truck tell Christopher about three Englishmen who had attempted to cross the desert?
 OR
 What happened to the three English travelers who attempted to cross the desert?
 driver told Christopher a story of three English people. These English men had attempted to cross the desert in a car with only one day's water-supply. Their car had got stuck in a sand-dune, and three days later their bodies were found dried up like leaves.
Give an account of the little town, NAmed EI Golea, and compare it with In Salah, bringing out the difference between the two.
 OR
 What's special about El-Golea?
 OR
 In what way does In Salah differ from EI Golea?
 El Golea is a true oasis where water is available in abundance. With its shady swimming pools and its rich trees, it has overcome the barrenness of the desert. But in Salah is fighting a desperate battle for survival, and perhaps losing the contest. Here, the sand is constantly encroaching on the town.
What do you know of Professor Claude Balanguernon? How did he save the hero's life towards the end of hitchhiker?
 Prof. Balangucmon was a remarkable Frenchman. He had devoted all his life to educate the Tuareg. He saved Christopher's life towards the end of hitch-hiking. Having missed meeting Christopher during the unfortunate detour, he managed to send out four trucks to cover the desert. Thus, his wisdom saved Christopher's life in the end.
 Describe the events leaDing to the killing of a camel. What sort of water did they get from its stomach?
 OR
 Why did Christopher and his companions kill the camel?
 Travelling from Tamanrasset to Kidal, Christopher and his companions completely ran out of food and water. They couldn't find only a dried up water hole. The next waterhole was two days away. So they decided to kill the camel to get the water stored in its stomach. The liquid they obtained from the animal's stomach was a greenish fluid like thin blood
Describe the journey through the land of Thirst and Death.
 Ans. The area between Tamanrasset and Kidal was known as the land of Thirst an Death. This region is notorious for sandstorms and dried-up waterholes. While passing through this region, Christopher had to experience the extreme thirst and a terrifying sandstorm
Describe the stay at In Abbangarit. How did Christopher manage to get water there?
 Ans. When Christopher reached the well at In Abbangarit, he had a shock. There was water all right but it was very low, and there was neither rope nor bucket to bring up the water. He hit on an idea to use the wire of the recording machine as the 'rope'. The scheme worked and he escaped death from thirst.
 Describe the stay at In Abbangarit. How did Christopher manage to get water there?
 Ans. When Christopher reached the well at In Abbangarit, he had a shock. There was water all right but it was very low, and there was neither rope nor bucket to bring up the water. He hit on an idea to use the wire of the recording machine as the 'rope'. The scheme worked and he escaped death from thirst.

 KIPS EXERCISE

 Write short a 6-5 Lines Sentences) to the following questions:
What is the location of Sahara Desert?
 Ans. The full Sahara area stretches almost the complete width of north Africa, and about half of this desert is under French control.
 What do you know about Robert Christopher?
 Ans. Robert Christopher wass a young American whose fist adventure was to go round the world at the coast of eighty dollars. After this, he determined in 1956 to go hitch-hiking across the Sahara.
 How did Robert Christopher begin his trans-Sahara journey?
 How did Christopher begin his journey from Boussaada?
 Robert Christopher started his journey from Boussaada by taking a lift in a desert truck that was leaving for the south. Three men- driver, greaser and passengers sat side by side in the front seat and traveled at 32 kilometers an hour.
 Why had Christopher to leave the truck he took a ride in from Boussaada to Ghardia?
 Christopher had to leave the truck because of the agonizing conditions in the truck. Three men - driver. greaser and passengers side by side in the front seat of the truck, traveling at twenty miles an hour, while the temperature rose steadily, and in two hours a flask of cold water became hot enough to make tea.
 Give a brief account of Ghardaia?
 Ghardaia is a typical desert city. Its exceptional feature is the more numerous and stickier flies. Christopher had to be vigilant until cach mouthful was safely behind his teeth..
 How did Christopher reach El Golea?
 Christopher reached El Golea by traveling on a new powerful truck. This truck weighed ten toms as it had all kinds of goods-pins, needles, pot, pans and many other things.
 Why was traveling towards El Golea difficult?
 The traveling towards El Golea was difficult because the sand in the way was too soft to bear the weight of heavy truck. They had to make a runway of ten-foot strips of steel mesh to keep the truck on the track.
 How did the driver of the heavy truck add to the discomfort of the journey from Ghardaia to EI Golea?
 The driver added to the discomfort by telling Christopher a story about three English people. These English men had attempted to cross a part of the desert in a car with only one day's water-supply. Their car had got stuck in a sand dune, and three days later their bodies were found dried up like leaves
 How did Christopher feel as he, in his desperate thirst, jumped bare-footed from the driver's cabin during his journey from Ghardaia to EI Golea?
 As Christopher jumped bare-footed from the driver's cabin, not realizing the intense heat of the sand, it were as if he had jumped into a bed of hot coals. With a scream of pain he hopped back into the truck.
 Give a brief account of El Golea.
 EIGolea was a fascinating little town. It was true Oasis with plenty of water available. It had palm trees, fruit trees and cool grass
 Why did the writer like El Golea?
 How did Christopher spend bis time in El Golea?
 Christopher spent a week in El Golea. Every day of the week Christopher spent hours there, bathing in a little pool shaded by palm and trees, or lying on the cool grass beside the pool.
 While going from El Golea to InSalah, what was the worst experience Christopher suffered from?
 Christopher ed little wine with his water. The result was disastrous as he was overcome by a strange sickness. His head started to pound, and he found himself shivering violently. At last, he blacked out and fell.
  In what way does In Salah differ from El Golea?
 Ans. El Golea, with its shady swimming pools and its luxuriant trees and plants, has triumphed over the barrenness of the desert. In Salah, on the other hand, is fighting a desperate battle for survival, and perhaps losing the contest. The sand is constantly encroaching on the town.
 Give a brief account of the In Salah?
 Ans. In Salah is fighting a desperate battle for its survival. The sand constantly is encroaching on the town. The palm-trees that once lifted their branches high above the dunes are now like bushes, and some of them are completely covered in sand."
did driver and greaser seem reluctant to take Christopher with them on Why did the driver and greaser seem reluctant to take Christopher with them on their oll-truck?
The driver and greaser were reluctant to take Christopher with them to Tamanrasset The driver and greaser were reluctant to take Christopher with them to Tamanrasset. because they believed him to be a French-man, and they disliked the French. When they found that he was American. they became friendly at once.
 Who was professor Claude Balanguernon, and how did he belp the Tuareg people?
 OR
 Why was Christopher staying in Tamanrasset?
 Ans. Prof. Balanguemon was a remarkable Frenchman. He saved Christopher's life towards the end of hitch hiking. He helped the Tuareg people in Tamanrasset by convincing them to get education. He adapted himself to their habits and customs in order to help them to get the most from their own natural way of life.
 What kind of people are the Tuaregs?
 Ans The Tuaregs are primitive with an ancient history. They are a people of great dignity, extreme honesty, and high intelligence.
 Why had Christopher to learn the task of camel riding and how did he find it 
Christopher had to learn the art of camel riding because from Tamanrasset to Timbuktu he could travel only by this type transport. He found the riding more difficult than it looked. During his first lesson he was over thrown over the animal's head three times and once over its rear.
When did the most difficult and dangerous stage of the trans-Sahara journey begin?
 What was the most difficult and dangerous stage of the journey faced by Christopher?
 The most difficult and dangerous stage of the journey began when Christopher was handed over by the leader of a big caravan to a small group who were willing to go to Kidal, about 560 kilometers from Timbuktu.
 How did the camel react as soon as it was picked for the slaughter?
 As soon as the camel was picked for slaughter it seemed to know what was to happen and started screaming at the top of its voice and Death
 Why was the region between Tamanrasset and Kidal known as the Land of Thirst 
The region between Tamanrasset and Kidal was known as the Land of Thirst and Death because it was an area notorious for sandstorms as well as for dried-up waterholes
 How did Christopher and his party feel when they were hit by a sand storm?
 It was incredible. The dunes seemed to be on fire. The peaks were melting away and the whole horizon was changing shape, Christopher hid himself behind his camel and covered his head, but the force of the storm was too great to be avoided. The wind found even the smallest opening in his clothes, and the sand felt like little needles
Write a brief note on Christopher's journey to Kidal.
 Ans. Christopher's journey to Kidal was full of threats and hardships. He had a bare escape from death during the journey. There were vultures waiting for their death when Christopher and his companions ran out of water. They even had to kill a camel to get the liquid out of its stomach. They also passed through a region known as the Land of Thirst and Death.
What incident served as a reminder that the desert has many ways of destroying its victims?
 How did Christopher escape the deadly fangs of a desert snake?
 Christopher was helping to gather stones to place in the fire. As he picked up a large rock, he found a four-foot snake that uncoiled rapidly and struck, but Christopher managed to jump back in time to avoid the deadly fangs.
 How did the stress of desert travel affect Christopher physically 
The stress of desert travel affected Christopher physically. His hands became so cracked that he could hardly use his camera.
 What did Christopher decide to do after reaching Timbuktu?
 Having reached Timbuktu, Christopher was overcome by a curious longing to see some more of the desert. Therefore, Christopher sent a telegram to Prof. Balanguemon in Tamanrasset, and then flew rapidly eastward by plane across the Land of Thirst and Death.
Why did Christopher not reach the well at In Abbangarit according to the arrangement?
 Unfortunately, the caravan Christopher was traveling with insisted on making a lengthy detour to water their camels at a well. Although Christopher insisted on getting back to the road as soon as possible, by the time they got back to the road two days had been lost. That's why, he could not meet em conting to the arrangement.
 What is a Bordj?
 Bordj is a building made up of simple mud structure. It consists of roof, four walls and two holes. One of the holes serves as a window and other as a door.
 What is the temperature in Sahara during the day?
 The temperature in the Sahara during the day is incredible. In the shade of mud house the temperature is 130° F while out on the sand it is 165°F. It is so hot during the day that in two hours a Mask of cold water becomes hot enough to make tea.
 What shock did Christopher had as she reached the well at In Abbangarit?
 The availability of water 46 metres below was a shock for Christopher. Unfortunately there was neither rope nor bucket to bring up the water.
 What kind of liquid was it that Christopher managed to bring up in a teapot from the well at In Abbangarit?
 The water brought up in the teapot was not particularly inviting. It was like a mixture of mud and sulphur, but it was drinkable, and it saved Christopher from dying of thirst.
 How did Prof. Balanguernon save Christopher's ife towards the end of Hitch-Hiking Across Sahara?
 Having missed meeting Christopher during the unfortunate two-day detour, Balanguemon realized that Christopher would probably be waiting at in Abbangarit, short of food. He very sensibly got in touch with the desert patrol and they sent out four trucks to cover the desert. Thus, Balanguemon's foresight saved Christopher's life in the end.

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